Iran (3 galleries)
Iran is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world, starting with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BC. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the 7th century BC, and reached its territorial height in the 6th century BC, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the 7th century AD, which led to the Islamization of Iran. It later became a major center of Islamic culture and learning, with its art,...